【集裝箱街區】集裝箱的文化復興丨伊朗集裝箱俱樂部

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發表時間:2021-04-02 14:54

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Cube Club / On Office

由專筑網李韌,曹逸希編譯

Tochal是德黑蘭的休閑場所,該地區近年來有了顯著的發展計劃,因此,便有了集裝箱俱樂部的設計委托。

Tochal is a recreational place in Tehran that had remarkable development plan in recent years, thus the design of Cube Club was offered to us.


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在該項目中,我們遇到了許多挑戰,如特殊設計條件、客戶想法、造價與時間的約束,以及獨特的施工需求,除此之外,機會和各種限制也對該項目形成制約。

In this project we encountered with many challenges such as special design terms, client visions, financial and time constraints and special requirements of construction, after the mentioned items, opportunities and constraints becomes the main influential factors in design process.


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建筑師通過現場調研,發現了該項目的許多優勢與劣勢,位于山區的地勢特點和位于城市中的優越地段是該場地的特征,對于城市景觀和現有植被的保護也是影響選址的因素之一。

By visiting the site, strengths and weaknesses Drew attention, lying on the mountain range and the nobility to the city was considered to be the characteristics of the site, preservation of the city's view and existing vegetation were among the factors influence the locating.


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在Tochal,對于當代的輕質建筑具有獨特的施工標準,因此,為了找到更加合適的解決辦法,建筑師最初便構思了集裝箱的設計理念。除了結構的重量較輕,集裝箱的運用也加速了施工速度。

Construction Criteria of Tochal complex only issued the license for light and temporary structures. Hence, in order to find a suitable solution to the challenges, The Initial ideas of using the shipping containers were formed. In addition to having a lightweight construction, using of containers was accelerating the process of construction.


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因此,為了形成自然環境與人工場景的對比,基于可持續發展的建筑形式,以及運用循環材料和降低建筑成本的必要性,最終,在考慮了這些細節之后,建筑師向客戶提出了運用集裝箱的設計提案,并且該方案被予以采納。

Therefore, in order to maintain and tribute the natural environment against the artificial setting and also based on sustainable architecture paradigms and the Necessity of using recyclable materials and reducing the costs of construction, constructing with the used containers was proposed to client and After reviewing the details, it got on the agenda.


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近年來,集裝箱建筑在設計界獲得了許多贊賞,它也是傳統建筑材料的綠色替代品,人們通過這種策略來傳達生態意識。

Shipping container architecture gets a lot of encouraging coverage in the design world as a trendy green alternative to traditional building materials, and seems like a smart choice for people looking for eco-consciousness.


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由于前文所提及的一些限制,最初的設計思路是,這些集裝箱在排布過程中,對彼此體塊以及結構的干擾要盡可能小,其作為一個具有特殊標準的模塊化單元,讓集裝箱成為項目中最主要的元素。

According to the challenges and items mentioned, initial design formed with emplacing shipping containers beside each other with minimum interference in their basic structure and thus, containers as a modular unit with special standards becomes the main element of project in its architectural and structural design.


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根據場地的形狀、景觀朝向、現有的保護建筑以及客戶的功能需求設計出建筑的平面形式,最終將建筑分成了三個主要區域,東部包含有咖啡、商店和餐飲功能,南部則包含有經理辦公室、服務區域以及板條箱,西部則主要是逃生艙游戲區域。在以上空間的設計過程中,建筑師主要考慮的是景觀朝向、氣候特點、每個季節的日照角度,以及活動流線。建筑師將東部上方的集裝箱稍稍旋轉一定的角度,讓空間能夠面向城市主要景觀朝向,并且在地面層形成開放空間,從而讓整座建筑具有歡迎感。另一方面,建筑的各個部分相對獨立,并且保留了與場地的復雜關系,因此,建筑師通過設計開放、半開放以及封閉的空間來形成該建筑的空間多樣性。

Locating the main forms on the site according to shape of the ground, view of the city, preservation of existing building, required applications and accesses was determined in three major zones, that the eastern zone includes coffee shop and restaurant, the southern zone includes manager office, service areas and crate climbing and the western zone is considered for escape room's game. In each part above, forming and planning of project has been done according to achieve the best view, climate, sunlight direction in different seasons and pedestrian path. With the rotation of the upper containers in eastern side, the city view becomes the main spectacle and make pedestrians invited and attracted to the project and city's view by creating an opening on the ground floor, on the other hand the independence of different sections of the project and its relation with Tochal complex is preserved, therefore spatial diversity achieved by creating open, semi open and enclosed spaces.


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為了更好地整合建筑室內外空間,建筑師保留了集裝箱的原有工業特質,來作為室內設計的一大亮點。另外,由于外殼的金屬性質,一些集裝箱也因此涂上了鮮艷的色彩,以對抗寒冷和工業的氣氛。

In order to achieve integration of inside and outside of the building, Maintain industrial identity of containers was considered as a principle in interior design and also due to the metallic nature of the crusts, some of containers were painted with vivid colors to confront cold and industrial atmosphere.


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建筑設計:On Office
地點:伊朗 德黑蘭
主創建筑師:Roozbeh Ghaemmaghami, Mehrad Habibi Sahar Zargar, Zeynab Abedi, Gilava Rohipour, Shabnam Khezeli, Saba Taghizadeh, Saeed Kabiri
面積:1200平方米
項目時間:2017年
照片:Hamidreza Khansari, Zahra Behbahani
制造商:Knauf, WINTECH
土木工程設計:Behrooz Mirmiran
家具設計:Rost Furniture
金屬和木制裝飾:Harsh Design
建設公司:ATTP (Plateaux)
執行經理:Mojtaba Tootoonchian
客戶:Sourena Naghikhani

Architects:On Office
Location:Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Architects in Charge:Roozbeh Ghaemmaghami, Mehrad Habibi Sahar Zargar, Zeynab Abedi, Gilava Rohipour, Shabnam Khezeli, Saba Taghizadeh, Saeed Kabiri
Area:1200.0 m2
Project Year:2017
Photographs:Hamidreza Khansari, Zahra Behbahani
Manufacturers:Knauf, WINTECH
Civil Engineer:Behrooz Mirmiran
Furniture:Rost Furniture
Metal and Wooden Decors:Harsh Design
Construction Company:ATTP (Plateaux)
Executive Manager:Mojtaba Tootoonchian
Client:Sourena Naghikhani


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